It's one of those vines that Soldati, the great expert Italian viticulture, would have loved; certainly he would have walked kilometres to drink it in the production area, confined in a few municipalities, with epicenter in Pontelatone, province of Caserta. The Casavecchia: another "great little wine" in Campania.
The history of this grape variety is, however, uncertain and passed down verbally. In fact, it is not mentioned by ampelographes of Campania in the nineteenth century . It is likely that it may have originated from seed, near an ancient ruin of which still exist today the walls (from which it takes its name), located near an old manor farm, in the municipality of Pontelatone. It says that a local farmer found towards the end of 1800 a solitary strain and he spread it to other farmers and handed down to children and grandchildren, who they still cultivate (Iannini et al.,1989). A story that somehow reminds the legend narrated by Silvio Italico on the birth of the vines of the Falerno on the Massico mountain.
The vine, which unlike other that are more widely diffused, it is referred to as "rigid", because only in its area of cultivation is able to fully express its exceptional potentiality. Is not found in other areas of Campania.
It is known since from the 1800s. In fact, between 1875 and 1878, Giuseppe Froio denotes the presence both in the Avellino that in the Terra di Lavoro. He is the first who made an ampelographic description reporting the following synonyms: Coda di Volpe Nera, Oliorpa, Due code, Mangiaguerra, Coda di volpe rossa. The presence of the grape is demonstrated, in the next century, from the description of Rasetti in 1904, by Carlucci in 1909 and by Violante and Bordignon in 1960. All four authors consider the "black Pallagrello" a red grape resulting from the white Coda Volpe.
This vine was considered for a long time as a synonym for Coda di volpe white, with whom it shares the complex affair ampelographic, although Froio had speculated, since 1876, that they were two different vines:" In Maddaloni or Caiazzo, or with Coda di volpe or with Pallagrella, you can get good wines".
Today this vine exist only in the province of Caserta and mainly in the municipalities of Caiazzo, Castel Campagnano, Castel di Sasso and surrounding areas, where it gives rise to typical oenological products of keen interest